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29th Napa Pain Conference Sessions

Long-COVID: Managing Pain Symptoms & Recovery

Aug 20, 2022 9:30am ‐ Aug 20, 2022 10:42am


PASC Fatigue Treatment Recommendations: "The Four Ps"

  • Pacing
    • Avoiding the push and crash cycle that is common in post-COVID recovery
  • Prioritizing
    • Encourages a patient to focus and decide on which activities need to get done and which activities can be postponed to avoid overexertion and crashing
  • Positioning
    • Modifying activities to make them easier to perform
  • Planning
    • Encourages the patient to plan the day or week to avoid overexertion and to recognize energy windows

Accreditation & Designation

Neurovations Education is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) to provide continuing medical education for physicians.

Neurovations Education designates this other activity (blended learning) for a maximum of 1.25 AMA PRA Category 1 Credit™. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity.

Additional Reading

  • Oaklander, A. L., Mills, A. J., Kelley, M., Toran, L. S., Smith, B., Dalakas, M. C., & Nath, A. (2022). Peripheral Neuropathy Evaluations of Patients With Prolonged Long COVID. Neurology-Neuroimmunology Neuroinflammation, 9(3).
  • Chrousos, G. P., & Kaltsas, G. (2005). Post‐SARS sickness syndrome manifestations and endocrinopathy: how, why, and so what?. Clinical Endocrinology, 63(4), 363.
  • Nath, A. (2020). Long-haul COVID. Neurology, 95(13), 559-560.
  • Shiers, S., Ray, P. R., Wangzhou, A., Sankaranarayanan, I., Tatsui, C. E., Rhines, L. D., ... & Price, T. J. (2020). ACE2 and SCARF expression in human DRG nociceptors: implications for SARS-CoV-2 virus neurological effects. Pain, 161(11), 2494.
  • Moldofsky, H., & Patcai, J. (2011). Chronic widespread musculoskeletal pain, fatigue, depression and disordered sleep in chronic post-SARS syndrome; a case-controlled study. BMC neurology, 11(1), 1-7.
  • Attal, N., Martinez, V., & Bouhassira, D. (2021). Potential for increased prevalence of neuropathic pain after the COVID-19 pandemic. Pain reports, 6(1).
  • Chrousos, G. P., & Kaltsas, G. (2005). Post‐SARS sickness syndrome manifestations and endocrinopathy: how, why, and so what?. Clinical endocrinology, 63(4), 363.
  • Liu, Y., Sawalha, A. H., & Lu, Q. (2021). COVID-19 and autoimmune diseases. Current Opinion in Rheumatology, 33(2), 155.
  • Faye, A. S., Lee, K. E., Laszkowska, M., Kim, J., Blackett, J. W., McKenney, A. S., ... & Lebwohl, B. (2021). Risk of adverse outcomes in hospitalized patients with autoimmune disease and COVID-19: a matched cohort study from New York City. The Journal of Rheumatology, 48(3), 454-462.
  • Hong, N., & Du, X. K. (2004). Avascular necrosis of bone in severe acute respiratory syndrome. Clinical Radiology, 59(7), 602-608.
  • Zhang, S., Wang, C., Shi, L., & Xue, Q. (2021). Beware of Steroid-Induced Avascular Necrosis of the Femoral Head in the Treatment of COVID-19—Experience and Lessons from the SARS Epidemic. Drug Design, Development and Therapy, 15, 983.
  • Michelen, M., Manoharan, L., Elkheir, N., Cheng, V., Dagens, A., Hastie, C., ... & Stavropoulou, C. (2021). Characterising long COVID: a living systematic review. BMJ global health, 6(9), e005427.
  • Lancet, T. (2021). Understanding long COVID: a modern medical challenge. Lancet (London, England), 398(10302), 725.
  • Cascella, M., Del Gaudio, A., Vittori, A., Bimonte, S., Del Prete, P., Forte, C. A., ... & De Blasio, E. (2021). COVID-Pain: Acute and Late-Onset Painful Clinical Manifestations in COVID-19–Molecular Mechanisms and Research Perspectives. Journal of Pain Research, 14, 2403.
  • Dani, M., Dirksen, A., Taraborrelli, P., Torocastro, M., Panagopoulos, D., Sutton, R., & Lim, P. B. (2021). Autonomic dysfunction in ‘long COVID’: rationale, physiology and management strategies. Clinical Medicine, 21(1), e63.
  • de Araújo, A. L., da Silva Duarte, A. J., Levin, A. S., Guedes, B. F., Kallas, E. G., Pinna, F. R., ... & HCFMUSP PASC Initiative. (2021). Post-acute sequelae of SARS-CoV-2 infection (PASC): a protocol for a multidisciplinary prospective observational evaluation of a cohort of patients surviving hospitalisation in Sao Paulo, Brazil. BMJ Open, 11(6), e051706.
  • Raveendran, A. V., Rajeev Jayadevan, and S. Sashidharan. "Long COVID: an overview." Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research & Reviews 15, no. 3 (2021): 869-875.
  • Nath, A., & Smith, B. (2021). Neurological issues during COVID-19: An overview. Neuroscience Letters, 742, 135533.
  • Goss, A. L., Samudralwar, R. D., Das, R. R., & Nath, A. (2021). ANA investigates: neurological complications of COVID‐19 vaccines. Annals of Neurology, 89(5), 856.
  • Bierle, D. M., Aakre, C. A., Grach, S. L., Salonen, B. R., Croghan, I. T., Hurt, R. T., & Ganesh, R. (2021). Central sensitization phenotypes in post acute sequelae of SARS-CoV-2 infection (PASC): defining the post COVID syndrome. Journal of Primary Care & Community Health, 12, 21501327211030826.
  • Groff, D., Sun, A., Ssentongo, A. E., Ba, D. M., Parsons, N., Poudel, G. R., ... & Chinchilli, V. M. (2021). Short-term and long-term rates of postacute sequelae of SARS-CoV-2 infection: a systematic review. JAMA Network Open, 4(10)
  • Hoshijima, H., Mihara, T., Seki, H., Hyuga, S., Kuratani, N., & Shiga, T. (2021). Incidence of Long-term Post-acute Sequelae of SARS-CoV-2 Infection Related to Pain and Other Symptoms: A Living Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. medRxiv.


Category: General Session

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